|English||Institute of language and literature of the Tajik Academy of Sciences named after Rudaki|
|Local language||Институти забон ва адабиёти ба номи Рӯдакии Академияи илмҳои Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон|
Oral Traditions and Expressions
Education and Training
The objective of the Institute of Language and Literature Named after A. Rudaki is the preservation of the folklore and literary heritage of the Tajik people and the study of the current state of the language.
The Institute sets itself the following tasks: studying the history of literature and modern literary processes; studying the history, genres, and specifics of oral folk art; preparing a literary heritage for publication; researching the problems of literary connections and literary translation; analyzing the historical development of the Tajik language and the modern language situation; compiling bilingual, explanatory, industry-specific, terminological dictionaries; and publishing textbooks and teaching aids for schools and higher educational institutions of the republic.
The creation of the Institute of Language and Literature is associated with the organization of the Tajik Base of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. By the decree of the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences on March 17, 1932, the Historical-Linguistic Sector began to function as part of the Tajik Base. The establishment of philological studies in Tajikistan was facilitated by the arrival of a number of prominent Russian Oriental scholars and their active participation in the work of the sector. In 1940, the Institute of History, Language and Literature was founded on the basis of the Historical-Linguistic Sector, which entered as an independent scientific institution in the Tajik branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences. After the formation of the Academy of Sciences of the Tajik SSR in 1951, an independent Institute of Language and Literature was created with four research sectors: language, classical literature, Soviet literature, and dictionaries. In 1955, a new subdivision, the museum of Sadriddin Aini, began to function at the institute. In 1958, in connection with a significant event―the 1100th anniversary of the birth of a genius of Persian-Tajik literature, Abuabdullo Rudaki―the institute was named after him.
A major achievement of scholars of the institute has been the preparation and publication of such fundamental research works as the following: The History of Tajik Soviet Literature in six volumes; the Academic Collection of Tajik Folklore in 35 volumes (five volumes were published); the Explanatory Dictionary of the Tajik Language in two volumes; “Essays on the History of Tajik Literature” in 12 volumes; a series of studies on the history of the Tajik language; and an academic publication of the collection of works by S. Aini, A. Lahuti, and other Tajik writers and poets, as well as representatives of classical and modern Tajik literature.
An important stage in the scientific activities of the linguistic scholars of the institute was the creation of the new “Spelling of Tajik Language.” The results of scientific developments of the institute scholars not only created a research base for the preparation of fundamental works in the field of linguistics and literary studies, but also became actively used in the practice of university teaching, lecture courses, special courses, and special seminars; in preparation for the publication of textbooks and teaching aids for higher educational and secondary schools of the republic; and in methodological developments and recommendations aimed at improving the level of education in Tajikistan.
Currently, more than 225,000 pages of folklore material are stored in the institute’s Folklore Fund, including more than 21,000 sayings and proverbs; 8,200 riddles; 30,000 distichs and couplets; 28,100 bayts; 20,000 songs; 13,200 poems; 6,100 fairy tales; 3,200 jokes; 118 poems of the heroic epos “Gurghuli”; notebooks and memoirs of folklore expeditions; and texts of folk rituals.
|Contact Information (Organization)|
|Address||21 Rudaki avenue, 734025, Dushanbe, Tajikistan|
|Tel||+ (992) 227 24 26; 227 29 07|